There comes a time where at least 3 out of 4 people (totally made up statistic) that is in a plant conversation that smiles and nods their head like they totally know what "acaulescent" means (p.s. it is a plant without a trunk). Fake it till you make it, right?
Well, I am here to help you. To help you continue the conversation with Jim about which plants are sporogenous (pore producing plants). To help you when you have a brain fart because you get annual and perennial mixed around (totally guilty here). To help you feel smart.
I don't want to overwhelm you or confuse you so I think I'll just start with some basic botanical terms. Ready? Let's go!
Annual: A plant that has one life cycle. I like to think this: annual means one year, right? So,
by rights, the plant will only survive one year/season/life cycle
Eg. petunia, pansy, marigolds
Perennial: A plant that has several life cycles/lives through seasons. The opposite of annual.
Eg. hosta, hibiscus, heuchera, salvia, lavender
Deciduous: A plant that sheds its foliage/flowers throughout autumn and winter (mainly)
but will reflower in the spring and into summer. I don't really have an easy
way to remember this because you'd generally know from the tag or knowledge
Eg. oak, magnolia, jacaranda, caesalpinea
Evergreen: A plant that retains its foliage and flowers year-round. Ever= Always. Green=
green (duh). Evergreen=Always green. I wish all plants were evergreen
Eg. gardenia, juniper, camellia, nandina
Epiphytic: A plant/organism that grows on surfaces of other plants. I remembe this
because it's a super cool word for a super cool thing! The epiphytic plants
get their nutrients from the air, rain, and the plants surrounding it. The most
recognisable one would be a pothos climbing a tree
Eg. moss, orchids, bromeliad, ferns
Rhizome: A root-like stem that grows horizontally underground and produces new leaves
and shoots. Is it a ginger-looking, weird thing that has roots? Yes? It's a rhizome
Eg. ginger, hops, asparagus, cannas
Native: A plant that is historically found in its current area. I mean, this one is pretty easy. Do we all know the definition of native? If there are lots of them together, safe to say
Eg. grevillia, callistemon, syzygium, backhousia, banksia